This Safe Work Practice (SWP) will provide YG employees with a set of guidelines or “Do’s and Don’ts” that have been developed to mitigate hazards associated with this work task, as identified through your workplace hazard identification process. All YG employees performing this work task are required to be trained, knowledgeable and competent.
Inspect ladders before each use looking for:
- Wobble in the ladder when open, prior to use
- Broken stop on a hinge spreader
- Locks that are loose, broken or defective and do not seat properly when ladder is extended
- Missing or loose steps or rungs (they are loose if you can move them by hand)
- Damaged or worn non-slip feet
- Loose screws, bolts or nuts
- Loose, bent or faulty spreaders, locks, and other metal parts in poor repair
- Rot, decay or warped rails in wooden ladders
- Cracks and exposed fibreglass in fibreglass ladders
- Cracked, split, worn or broken rails, braces, steps or rungs
- Sharp edges on rails and rungs
- Rough or splintered surfaces
- Corrosion, rust, oxidization and excessive wear, especially on treads
- Twisted or distorted rails which can be checked by sighting along the rails.
- Using a twisted or bowed ladder is hazardous and should not be used.
a) Read and follow all labels and markings on the ladders and step stools.
b) Keep ladders and step-stools free of oil, grease and other slipping hazards.
c) Use ladders and step-stools only for their designed purpose.
d) Use devices only on stable and level surfaces unless secured to prevent accidental movement.
e) Have a spotter to support the ladder when possible
f) Wear appropriate footwear when using ladder or step stool.
g) Have only one person on the steep stool or ladder at a time.
h) Ensure area is clear and limit foot traffic in and around ladder or step stool when using it
i) Face the ladder or step-stool when moving up or down.
j) Always maintain a 3-point (2 hands and a foot or 2 feet and a hand) contact on the ladder. In the case of a step stool, brace yourself with your free hand while climbing.
k) Position the ladder or step stool as close as possible to the work area to prevent reaching.
l) Engage ladder locks or braces before climbing.
a) Do not use equipment if defective – tag it as such, and remove it from use to be repaired or replaced
b) Do not use a ladder in a horizontal position as a scaffold plank or runway.
c) Do not work from top three if using a ladder as the higher you go, the higher the probability that the ladder will move.
d) Do not use items such as a chair, barrel or box as a makeshift ladder.
e) Do not use a portable ladder when other equipment is available. Replace a ladder with a fixed stairway or scaffold.
f) Do not use wooden ladders that have been painted
g) Do not join two short ladders to make a longer ladder. Side rails are not strong enough to support the extra load.
h) Do not use a step ladder’s top or pail shelf as a seat.
i) Do not carry objects or loads that could cause you to fall or lose your balance. Move materials with caution.
j) Do not use a ladder unless it is CSA approved.
k) Do not load a ladder or step-stool beyond its maximum intended load. The weight it is supporting includes tools and equipment being used.
l) Do not over reach from the ladder, but instead reposition it to be closer to the intended work area.
m) Do not place ladder on boxes or any other unstable base to obtain additional height.
n) Do not use on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet to prevent accidental movement.
- o) Do not use slip-resistant feet as a substitute for exercising care.
p) Do not paint wooden ladders. Defects may be hidden by the paint. Wood preservatives or clear coating may be used
Part 10 - s.10.21 – 10.23 OHS Regulations